Stephen Greaves 1771-1850

Stephen GREAVES is the father of my 4th great grandfather James GREAVES, who was born about 1814 in Northamptonshire. It was mentioned on James GREAVES’ marriage certificate to his second wife Sarah MAYHEW that his father was Stephen GREAVES, a farmer, who was deceased when the marriage took place in 18551.

When MarriedName and SurnameAgeConditionRank or ProfessionResidenceFather’s Name and SurnameRank or Profession of Father
05 July 1855James GREAVESFull ageWidowerGardenerLambethStephen GREAVES (deceased)Farmer
Sarah MAYHEWFull ageSpinsterLambethJohn MAYHEW (deceased)Watch maker
Witnesses: Ja[me]s GAWBER & Eliz[abe]th POWELL

Stephen GREAVES’s name on one marriage certificate might seem like weak proof that I have found the correct Stephen GREAVES to be able to say with certainty that he is my 5th great grandfather, but yesterday my brother was asking if I could prove my family connection using DNA. Using research to build a family tree that includes pathways to my DNA matches have helped persuade me that I have found the correct Stephen GREAVES and his wife Lucy PICKERING. This is a copy of my grandfather’s ThruLines on Ancestry (some details have been removed to protect the identities of my DNA matches):

Ancestry ThruLines of DNA matches for Stephen GREAVES. www.ancestry.co.uk. 26 February 2022.

Marriage

Stephen GREAVES and Lucy PICKERING were married at St Michael’s & All Angel’s Church, Finmere, Oxfordshire on 28 February 17992. The banns read:

St Michael & All Angels Church, Finmere, Oxfordshire. Stephen GREAVES of this parish and Lucy PICKERING of this parish. Married in this church by license 28 February 1799. 

Witnesses: Stephen GREAVES & Elizabeth JACKSON.

One of the witnesses of the marriage was Stephen GREAVES, who is the father of the groom Stephen GREAVES (my 6th great grandfather).

Lucy PICKERING was 18 years old when the marriage took place, so a license had to be applied for which provides additional details about the marriage3:

Stephen GREAVES, husbandsman. Over the age of 21, of Finmere. 
Lucy PICKERING, 18. Daughter of John PICKERING of Duston, Northants. 
At Finmere 26 February 1799.

Resident of Finmere, Oxfordshire

Stephen GREAVES Jnr and his father Stephen GREAVES Snr were both Churchwardens in the year 1800 (as well as other years where they were served as churchwardens seperately4), and listed amongst the rent payers of Finmere in the year 18085 (there were 12 rent-payers in the village in that year).

Stephen GREAVES and Lucy PICKERING also had 6 of their children baptised in St Michaels & All Angels Church, Finmere: John in 18016, Ann Pickering in 18037, Thomas in 18058, Temperance in 18069, Susannah in 180910 and Stephen in 181011.

Resident of Kilsby, Northamptonshire

Sometime after 1810, the family moved to Kilsby, Northamptonshire. Possibly to find work. Here, Stephen and Lucy GREAVES had 3 more children, 2 of whom were baptised in St Faith’s Church, Kilsby: James between 1811-1814 (my 4th great grandfather – of which no baptism can be found), Charles in 181412, and Charlotte in 181613.

It was mentioned on Charles and Charlotte’s baptism record that Stephen GREAVES was an innkeeper in Kilsby. Back in Finmere, Oxfordshire his cousin Robert GREAVES (1776-1815) was also an innkeeper. There are two pubs in Kilsby – The Red Lion, and The George. It is not known which one Stephen GREAVES worked in, but when we went to visit I thought it would be cute to get a photo of my George next to The George!

George at The George, Kilsby, Northamptonshire. 03 January 2019. Clare Hopkins.

1841 Census

In 1841 Stephen GREAVES was living in Clifton Street, Clapham, Surrey with his eldest son John GREAVES and family14.

NamesAgeProfession, Trade or EmploymentBorn in the County of Surrey?
John GREAVES40GardenerNo
Lydia GREAVES35Yes
Stephen GREAVES70LabourerNo
Susan GREAVES25DressmakerYes
Stephen GREAVES12Yes
John GREAVES10Yes
Emma GREAVES6Yes
Emily GREAVES6Yes
Robert GREAVES4Yes
Henry GREAVES5 weeksYes

Death

Stephen GREAVES died on 17 April 1850 at Clifton Street, Larkhall Lane, Clapham15. The informant of the death was his daughter in law Lydia GREAVES, with whom he was living with in the 1841 census at the same address.

When DiedName and SurnameSexAgeRank or ProfessionCause of DeathInformantWhen Registered
17 April 1850. Clifton Street, Larkhall Lane, ClaphamStephen GREAVESMale79 yearsFormerly a farmerPlethora of the brain 5 months. Apoplexy 2 daysLydia GREAVES. Present at the death. Clifton Street, Larkhall Lane, Clapham20 April 1850

Stephen GREAVES was buried at Holy Trinity Church, Clapham, Surrey on 22 April 185016.

Family Members:

Wife:Lucy PICKERING 1781-?
Son (Direct Ancestor):James GREAVES 1814-1885
Father:Stephen GREAVES 1738-1810
Mother:Susannah DAGLEY ?-1795

Please note that all content on this site is copyright protected. The information is shared on this site to assist with family history research, but the text and images remain the property of the author and are not to be used without permission.

Sources:

  1. Marriages (CR) England. Lambeth, Surrey. 05 July 1855. GREAVES, James and MAYHEW, Sarah. Collection: London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 18 October 2020.
  2. Banns (PR) England. Finmere, Oxfordshire. 28 February 1799. GREAVES, Stephen and PICKERING, Lucy. Collection: Oxfordshire, England, Church of England Baptism, Marriages, and Burials, 1538-1812. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 12 October 2021.
  3. SMITH, Donnette Stringham (1976) Index of Oxford Diocese Marriage Bonds and Affidavits, 1661-1850. https://whipple.one-name.net/oxford/diocesan_marriage_bonds.html#G : accessed 19 February 2022.
  4. BLOMFIELD, J.C (1998) History of Finmere Oxon. Finmere and Little Tingewick Historical Society : Finmere. p.83. http://myfinmere.com/history/history/books/blomfield/blomfield.pdf : accessed 26 February 2022.
  5. BLOMFIELD, J.C (1998) History of Finmere Oxon. Finmere and Little Tingewick Historical Society : Finmere. p.27. http://myfinmere.com/history/history/books/blomfield/blomfield.pdf : accessed 26 February 2022.
  6. Baptisms (PR) England. Finmere, Oxfordshire. 16 February 1801. GREAVES, John. Collection: Oxfordshire, England, Church of England Baptism, Marriages, and Burials, 1538-1812. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 09 October 2021.
  7. Baptisms (PR) England. Finmere, Oxfordshire. 16 October 1803. GREAVES, Anne Pickering. Collection: Oxfordshire, England, Church of England Baptism, Marriages, and Burials, 1538-1812. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 09 October 2021.
  8. Baptisms (PR) England. Finmere, Oxfordshire. 11 March 1805. GREAVES, Thomas. Collection: Oxfordshire, England, Church of England Baptism, Marriages, and Burials, 1538-1812. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 09 October 2021.
  9. Baptisms (PR) England. Finmere, Oxfordshire. 16 November 1806. GREAVES, Temperance. Collection: Oxfordshire, England, Church of England Baptism, Marriages, and Burials, 1538-1812. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 09 October 2021.
  10. Baptisms (PR) England. Finmere, Oxfordshire. 26 February 1809. GREAVES, Susannah. Collection: Oxfordshire, England, Church of England Baptism, Marriages, and Burials, 1538-1812. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 09 October 2021.
  11. Baptisms (PR) England. Finmere, Oxfordshire. 11 November 1810. GREAVES, Stephen. Collection: Oxfordshire, England, Church of England Baptism, Marriages, and Burials, 1538-1812. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 09 October 2021.
  12. Baptisms (PR) England. Kilsby, Northamptonshire. 29 November 1814. GREAVES, Charles. Collection: Northamptonshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1912. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 09 October 2021.
  13. Baptisms (PR) England. Kilsby, Northamptonshire. 31 March 1816. GREAVES, Charlotte. Collection: Northamptonshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1912. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 09 October 2021.
  14. Census Records. England. Clapham, Surrey. 06 June 1841. GREAVES, John. PN 1053. Book 3. FN 6. p. 6. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 12 May 2021.
  15. Deaths (CR) England. Lambeth, Surrey. 17 April 1850. GREAVES, Stephen. Entry no. 141.
  16. Burials (PR) England. Clapham, Surrey. 22 April 1850. GREAVES, Stephen. Collection: London, England, Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 14 October 2021.

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