Matthew LINDLEY is the father of my 4th great grandfather Samuel LINDLEY, who was born in Elsecar, Yorkshire about 1818 and baptised at Wentworth, Yorkshire on 27 December 18181.
|When Baptised||Child’s Christian Name||Parents’ Names||Abode||Quality, Trade or Profession|
|27 December 1818||Samuel||Matthew & Selina LINLEY||Elsecar||Collier|
Matthew LINDLEY was born on 26 June 1789, and baptised at the Chapelry of Wentworth, Wentworth, Yorkshire on 23 August 17892. He is the son of John LINLEY & Elizabeth SCHOLEY. The baptism record even gives the name of his grandparents!: Edward & Rebecha LINGLEY and Isaac & Sarah SCHOLEY.
|Infant’s Christian Name & Seniority||Infant’s Surname||Father’s Name, Profession, Descent & Abode||Mother’s Name and Descent||Born||Baptised|
|Matthew son of||LINLEY||John LINLEY collier of Wentworth son of Edw[ar]d LINGLEY Plaisterer of Barnsley & Rebecha his wife and||Eliz[abe]th his wife d[aughte]r of Isaac SCHOLEY hatter of Ulley & Sarah his wife||26 June ||23 August |
Matthew LINDLEY and Selina BIRKS were married on 08 December 1814 at Rotherham Minster, Rotherham, Yorkshire.
|Marriages in Rotherham in the county of York in the year 1814.|
Matthew LINDLEY bachelor of this parish and Selina BIRKS spinster of this parish, were married in the church by banns 08 December 1814.
|Matthew LINLEY of this parish, widower, and Ann NICHOLSON of the parish township of Wortley, widow, were married in this church by banns this 16 May 1836.|
In 1841 Matthew LINDLEY was living at Red Barr, Gawber, Yorkshire5 with his wife Ann LINDLEY (nee NICHOLSON) whom he married in 1836. Matthew LINDLEY was working as a coal miner.
|Names||Age||Profession, Trade or Employment||Born in the County of Yorkshire?|
|Matthew LINDLEY||50||Coal miner||Yes|
Children in Mines
In 1842, Matthew LINDLEY gave a statement for a report compiled by Commissioners for Inquiring into the Employment and Condition of Children in Mines and Manufactories in Great Britain. Extracts of the evidence can be found in the book “The Condition and Treatment of the Children Employed in the Mines and Colliers of the United Kingdom”. Matthew LINLEY’s contributions say the following:
Matthew LINDLEY, collier:
“They have a little milk or a little coffee and a bit of bread in the morning before they go to the pit, and they will take nothing with them but a bit of bread, and perhaps a little tea, but oftener dry bread than anything else. Their parents often can’t get them more. They do not have meat. The parents do not get wages enough to provide meat for the children. When they come out of the pit at night, they may have a little meat or milk porridge, but a bit of dry bread and a sup of milk is the usual supper. The boys do look healthy, it is true, but it is because they are young. The work they get to do is not hard, as far as trapping is concerned, but hurrying is very slavish work, and I have known boys go to work all the twelve hours without more than a bit of dry bread to eat.”The Condition and Treatment of the Children Employed in the Mines and Colliers of the United Kingdom. p. 636.
Matthew LINDLEY, a Yorkshire collier, fifty-two years of age, says:
“I wish that the government would expel all girls and females from mines. I can give proof that they are very immoral, and I am certain that the girls are worse than the men in point of morals, and use far more indecent language. It unbecomes them in every way. I have known myself of a case where a married man and a girl who hurried for him had sexual intercourse often in the bank where he worked”.The Condition and Treatment of the Children Employed in the Mines and Colliers of the United Kingdom. p. 797.
“The publication of the Report and the ensuing public outcry made legislation inevitable. The Coal Mines Regulation Act was finally passed on 4 August 1842. From 1 March 1843 it became illegal for women or any child under the age of ten to work underground in Britain.8”
5 years later (in 1847) there was an accident at Oaks Coal Mine in Ardsley, Yorkshire where 73 men lost their lives. Sadly, among them were three sons of Matthew and Selina LINDLEY – my 3rd great grandfather Samuel LINDLEY (aged 28), and his brothers Isaac (aged 30) and Matthew (aged 23)9.
The 1851 census page was partially destroyed and difficult to read so the information is incomplete, but Matthew LINDLEY and his wife Ann were living at Gawber, Yorkshire with their son Henry LINDLEY.
|Name and Surname||Relation to Head||Condition||Age||Rank, Profession or Occupation||Where Born|
|Matthew LINLEY||Head||Married||Miner||Wentworth, Yorkshire|
|Henry LINLEY||Son||Gawber, Yorkshire|
Matthew LINDLEY died of Typhus at the age of 61 years, on 08 November 1851 at Gawber, Yorkshire10.
|When Died||Name and Surname||Sex||Age||Rank or Profession||Cause of Death||Informant||When Registered|
|08 November 1851. Gawber, Barugh.||Matthew LINDLEY||Male||61 years||Coal miner||Typhus 5 weeks||John LINDLEY. Present at the death. Gawber, Barugh.||08 November 1851|
Matthew LINDLEY was buried at All Saints Church, Darton, Yorkshire on 11 November 185111.
|Matthew LINDLEY||Gawber||11 November ||61 years|
|Wife:||Selina BIRKS 1795-1835|
|Son (Direct Ancestor):||Samuel LINDLEY 1818-1847|
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- Baptisms (PR) England. Wentworth, Yorkshire. 27 December 1818. LINLEY, Samuel. Yorkshire Baptisms. p. 75. Doncaster Archives. http://www.findmypast.co.uk : accessed 14 May 2021.
- Baptisms (PR) England. Wentworth, Yorkshire. 23 August 1789. LINLEY, Matthew. Yorkshire Baptisms. Doncaster Archives. http://www.findmypast.co.uk : accessed 14 May 2021.
- Burials (PR) England. Darton, Yorkshire. 11 August 1835. LINDLEY, Selina. Yorkshire Burials 1600-1842. Borthwick Institute for Archives. http://www.findmypast.co.uk : accessed 15 May 2021.
- Banns (PR) England. Darton, Yorkshire. 16 May 1836. LINLEY, Matthew and NICHOLSON, Ann. Collection: West Yorkshire, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1813-1935. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 14 May 2021.
- Census Records. England. Darton, Yorkshire. 06 June 1841. LINDLEY, Matthew. PN 1323. Book 5. FN 22. p. 10. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 14 May 2021.
- Strange, William (1842). The Condition and Treatment of the Children Employed in the Mines and Colliers of the United Kingdom. Carefully Compiled from the Appendix to the First Report of the Commissioners … With Copious Extracts from the Evidence, and Illustrative Engravings.p. 63. Commissioners for Inquiring into the Employment and Condition of Children in Mines and Manufactories: Great Britain.
https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=TS1vx7eHjUkC&pg=PA63#v=onepage&q=lindley&f=false : accessed 14 March 2022.
- Strange, William (1842). The Condition and Treatment of the Children Employed in the Mines and Colliers of the United Kingdom. Carefully Compiled from the Appendix to the First Report of the Commissioners … With Copious Extracts from the Evidence, and Illustrative Engravings.p. 79. Commissioners for Inquiring into the Employment and Condition of Children in Mines and Manufactories: Great Britain.
https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=TS1vx7eHjUkC&pg=PA79#v=onepage&q=lindley&f=false : accessed 14 March 2022.
- National Museum Wales. Children in Mines. https://museum.wales/articles/1013/Children-in-Mines/ : accessed 14 March 2022.
- Northern Mine Research Society. Oaks Colliery Explosion- Barnsley – 1847. https://www.nmrs.org.uk/mines-map/accidents-disasters/yorkshire/oaks-colliery-explosion-barnsley-1847/ : accessed 14 March 2022.
- Deaths (CR) England. Gawber, Yorkshire. 08 November 1851. LINDLEY, Matthew. Entry No. 408.
- Burials (PR) England. Darton, Yorkshire. 11 November 1851. LINDLEY, Matthew. West Yorkshire, England, Church of England Deaths and Burials, 1813-1985. http://www.ancestry.co.uk : accessed 14 May 2021.